Medicare Part D plans help cover the costs of your prescription drugs. Part D plans are available through private companies, and you must actively enroll. Even if you currently don't spend a lot of money on medications, choosing to enroll in a Medicare Part D plan now can help protect you from high drug costs in the future. And, if you don't enroll when you're first eligible, you may pay a penalty fee to enroll later.
How can I enroll in Part D?
- You can enroll in a Medicare Advantage plan that includes Part D coverage.
- Or, you can enroll in a standalone Medicare prescription drug plan (PDP) if you want drug coverage along with Original Medicare.
If you aren't already enrolled in a Part D plan and suddenly need drug coverage, your plan coverage won't be effective until your next enrollment period, which means you could be without coverage for a period of time.
What do Part D plans cover?
- Commonly used brand name and generic drugs
- Drugs that are covered can vary from plan to plan
- Some plans offer more drugs than others
- Typically, Part D plans don't cover over-the-counter medications.
What do Part D plans cost?
- Depends on the way you receive the benefit
- May include an annual deductible and co-insurance or copayments
- Most Prescription Drug Plans (PDPs) also have a monthly premium you pay for the coverage, in addition to your Part B premium
- Medicare Advantage plans with prescription drug coverage also require a premium that includes the cost of Medicare Part D
Is financial help available?
You may be able to get “Extra Help” to pay for your prescription drug premiums and costs. To see if you qualify for getting “Extra Help,” call:
1-800-MEDICARE(1-800-633-4227). TTY users should call 1-877-486-2048, 24 hours a day/7 days a week;
The Social Security Office at 1-800-772-1213, between 7 am to 7 pm, Monday through Friday. TTY users should call 1-800-325-0778 (applications); or
Your State Medicaid Office (applications) (See Section 6 of this chapter for contact information).
What is the “donut hole”?
Most Medicare drug plans have a coverage gap, also called the “donut hole.” To address this, after you and your plan spend a certain amount on covered medications, you'll only be required to pay:
- Up to 25% of the plan's costs for brand-name medications, and
- Up to 25% of the plan's costs for generic drugs, until your yearly out-of-pocket medication costs reach $4,020, plus
Once you reach your plan's out-of-pocket limit, you automatically get "catastrophic coverage", which ensures that once you have spent up to your plan's out-of-pocket limit for covered drugs, you only pay a small co-insurance amount or copayment for covered drugs the rest of the year.